ABSTRACT-Summary of important point of texts, especially in Deeds and Wills
ADMINISTRATION (estate)- The collection, management and distribution of an estate by a proper legal process.
ADMINISTRATOR (estate)-Person appointed to manage and divide the estate of a deceased person. A female administrator is called "Administratrix"
AFFADAVIT-A sworn statement.
ANCESTOR-A person from who you are descended; a forefather.
ANTE-Latin prefix meaning "before", such as in " Ante-Bellum South", the South before the Civil War.
APPRENTICE-A person who is bound by indentures or legal agreement to serve a person for a specified time, usually with a view of learning an art or trade.
APPURTENANCE-That which belongs to something else such as a building or right or way etc.
ARCHIVES-A repository of records of a government, organization or institution.
ATTEST-To affirm; to certify by signature or oath.
BANNS- Public announcement of a forthcoming marriage.
BENEFICIARY-One who receives benefit of trust or property.
BEQUEATH-To give personal property to a person in a Will.
BOND-Written, signed and witnessed agreement requiring payment of a specified sum on or before a given date.
BOUNTY LAND WARRANT-A right to obtain land, specific numbers of acres of unallocated public land, granted for military service.
CENSUS-Official enumeration, listing or counting, of the citizenry.
CERTIFIED COPY-A copy made and attested to by officers having charge of the original document and authorized to give copies.
CHATTEL-Personal property, which can be animate or inanimate.
CHRISTEN-To receive or initiate into a church by baptism; to name.
CIRCA-About, near or approximate; usually referring to a date.
CODICIL-Addition to a Will.
COLLATERAL ANCESTOR-Belonging to the same ancestral stock but not in direct line of descent.
COMMON ANCESTOR-Ancestor shared by any two people.
CONSORT-Usually, a wife with a living husband.
COUSIN-Relative descended from a common ancestral grandmother or grandfather.
DECEDENT- A deceased person.
DECLARATION OF INTENTION-The first paper, sworn to and filed in court, by an alien citizen stating that he wants to become a citizen.
DEED-A document by which title in real property is transferred from one party to another.
DEPOSITION-Testimony taken down in writing under oath of affirmation in relply to interrogatories, before a competent officer to replace oral testimony.
DEVISE-Gift of real property by Will.
DEVISEE-One to whom land is given in a Will.
DEVISOR-One who gives real property in a Will.
DISSENTER-One who did not belong to the established church.
DISTRICT LAND OFFICE PLAT BOOK-Books or rather maps which show the location of the land patentee.
DISTRICT LAND OFFICE TRACT BOOK- Books which list individual entries by range and township.
DOWER-Legal right or share which a wife acquires by marriage in the real estate of her husband, allotted to her after his death for her lifetime.
EMIGRANT-One who leaves a country and moves to another.
ENUMERATION-Listing or counting, such as in a census.
EPITAPH-An tomb or gravestone inscription in memory of the person buried there.
ESCHEAT-The reversion of property to the state when there are no qualified heirs.
ESTATE-All property and debts belonging to an individual.
ET AL.-Latin for "and others".
ET UX-Latin for "and wife". Sometimes written ET UXOR.
EXECUTOR or EXECUTRIX-One appointed in a Will to carrry out it's provisions.
FEE-An estate of inheritance in land, either fee simple or fee tail.
FEE SIMPLE-An absolute ownership without restriction.
FEE TAIL- An estate or inheritance limited to lineal descendants of the person to whom it was granted.
FRATERNITY-Group of men or women sharing a common purpose or interest.
FREE HOLD-An estate in fee simple, in fee tail, or for life.
GAZETEER-A geographical dictionary.
GENEALOGY-Study of family history and descent.
GIVEN NAME-Name given to a person at birth or baptism, one's first and middle names.
GLEBE-Land belonging to a parish church.
GRANTEE-One who buys property or receives a grant.
GRANTOR-One who sells property or makes a grant.
GUARDIAN-Person appointed to care for and manage property of a minor orphan or an adult incompetent to manage his own affairs.
HALF BROTHER/HALF SISTER-Child by another marriage on one's mother or father. Siblings having one parent in common.
HEIRS-Those entitled by law or by the terms of a Will to inherit property from another.
HOLOGRAPHIC WILL-One written entirely in Testator's own handwriting.
ILLEGITIMATE-Born to a mother who was not married to the child's father.
INDENTURE-Today it means a contract in two or more copies. Originally made in two parts by cutting or tearing a single sheet across the middle so the two parts may later be matched.
INDENTURED SERVANT-One who may be bound to the service or another for a specified time, often in return for transportation to this country.
INFANT-Any person not of full age; a minor.
INTESTATE-One who dies without a Will.
INVENTORY-An account, schedule or catalog made by an executro or administrator of all goods and chattels (and sometimes real estate) of a deceased person.
ISSUE-Offspring; lineal descendants of a common ancestor.
LEASE-An agreement which creates a landlord-tenant situation.
LEGACY-Property or money left to someone on a Will.
LIEN-A claim against property as security for payment of a debt.
LINEAL-Consisting of or being in direct line of ancestry or descendants.
LIS PENDENS-Pending court action.
LOYALIST-Tory, An American colonist who supported the British during the American Revolution.
MAIDEN NAME-Female's last name or surname before she marries.
MANUSCRIPT-A composition written with the hand.
MARRIAGE BOND-A financial guarantee that no impediment to a marriage existed, furnished by the intended bridegroom or his friends.
MATERNAL-Related through one's mother.
Link 7.92 inches;
Chain-100 Links or 66 feet;
Furling-1000 Links or 660 feet;
Rod-5 1/2 yds or 16 1/2 ft.
Rood-From 5 1/2 yds to 8 yds, depending on the locality
Acre-43,560 square feet ot 160 square rods
MESSUAGE-A dwelling house.
METES AND BOUNDS-Property descibed by natural boundaries, such as "bank of the meandering river".
MICROFICHE-Sheet of microfilm with greatly reduced images of pages of documents.
MICROFILM-Reproduction of documents on film at a reduced size.
MIGRATE-To move from one country, state or region to another.
MILITIA-Citizens of a state who are not part of the regular armed forces but who can be called onto service in an emergency.
MINOR-One who is under legal age.
MOIETY-A half; an indefinte portion.
MORTALITY-Death; death rate.
MORTALITY SCHEDULES-Enumeration of persons who died in the year prior to June 1 of 1850, 1860 and 1880 in each state of the United States in which a census was conducted.
MORTGAGE-A conditional transfer of title of real property as security for payment of a debt.
NAMESAKE-Person named after another person.
NECROLOGY-Listing or record of the recently deceased.
NEE-Used to identify a woman's maiden name.
NONCUPATIVE WILL-One declared or dictated by the testator, usually for persons in last sickness or sudden illness.
ORPHAN'S COURT-Orphans being recognized as wards of the states, provisions were made for them in special courts.
PATENT-Grant of land from a govenment to an individual.
PEDIGREE-Family tree ancestry.
PENSION-Money paid regularly to an individual, especially by a government for military service.
POLL-List or record of persons, especially for taxing or voting.
POST-Latin prefix meaning after
POWER OF ATTORNEY-When a person is unable to act for himself, he appoints another to act on his behalf.
PRE-EMOTION RIGHTS-Right given by the federal government to citizens to buy a quarter section of land or less.
PROBATE-Having to do with Wills and the administration of estates.
PROGENY-Descendants of a common ancestor; issue.
PROVED WILL-A Will established as genuine by probate court.
PROVOST-A person appointed to superintend.
PROXIMO-In the following month, in the month after the present one.
PUBLIC DOMAIN-Land owned by the government.
QUITCLAIM-A deed conveying the interest of the party at that time.
RELICT-Widow; surviving spouse when one has died, husband or wife.
REVOLUTIONARY WAR-U.S. war for independence from Great Britain 1775-1783.
SIBLING-Persons having one or more parents in common.
SIC-Latin meaning thus; copied exactly as the original reads.
SPINSTER-A woman still unmarried; a woman who spins.
SPONSOR-Bondsman or surety.
TERRITORY-Area of land owned by the United States, not a state, but having it's own legislature and governor.
TESTAMENTARY-Pertaining to a Will.
TESTATE-A person who dies leaving a valid Will.
TESTATOR-A person who makes a valid Will before death.
TOWNSHIP-A division of U.S. public land that contained 36 sections, or 36 square miles.
TRANSCRIBE-To make a copy in writing.
ULTIMO-The month before this one.
VERBATIM-Word for word; in the same words verbally.
VITAL RECORDS-Records of birth, death, marriage or divorce.
VITAL STATISTICS-Data dealing with birth, death, marriage and divorce.
WILL-A document which states how the deceased wants his property divided after death.
WITNESS-One who is present at a transaction, such as a land sale or the signing of a Will; can affirm that it took place.
Compiled by Jacqueline King