Hall County History 1850

Hall County was laid out by the Lottery Act of 1818. It is 30 Miles in length and 24 miles breadth, 720 square miles.

The principal streams are the Chattahoochee, Chestatee, Oconee, Little Rivers. The creeks are numerous, amoung them are the Shoal, Flowery, Flat, and Limestone, emptying into the Chattahoochee; Middle Wahoo; East Wahoo and others.

Post Offices - Gainesville, Argo, Chestnut Hill, Gillsvile, Hog Mt. and Gailey's Mill.

The number of inhabitants in 1845 was 6817 whites, 1346 Negro. The amount of tax paid into the State Treasury for 1848 $1773.65. The area sends one representative to the Legislature.


The citizens are generally well informed . One hundred and seventy newspapers are taken in th the County. The people are generally temperate and hospitable, but rather shy of strangers. More industry is wanted although there is great improvement as far as this is concerned. Hunting and rifle shooting occupy a large pertion of the time of the people; and they have the reputation of being expert riflemen.

The Baptist and the Methoidist are about equally divided . There are a few Presbyterians. In the County are 17 Baptist, 16 Methodists and one Presbyterian. Education does not command the attention which its importance requires.


The bottoms of the Oconee River have the best soil land are well adapted to the growth of corn. One the Oconee is 5000 Acres said to be superior. The Chattahoochee River there is also much good and. By far much of the soil in this area is sandy. Corn, rye, wheat and some cotton are the productions. Corn averages 8 bushels per acer. On other lands two barrels. Wheat 10 bu. an acre. Cotton 300 lbs. per acre. The best land sell for about $12.00 an acre. Inferior land for about $2.00-$8.00 an acre

The climate in the winter is variable; in the summer pleasant and bracing. Most diseases are spring related. Cases of Goitre , in a mild and modified form occasionally occur. Not one case of consumption has been medically proved. The instances of longevity are, Mrs. Floyd over 106, Mrs. Young 108, Mr Young, son of this lady 86; Mrs Nancy Glaze 102, Mr Gowder 96; Capt Armour over 80- was in the battle of Vinegar Hill in Ireland.

Ten sawmills, 14 grist mills, 2 merchant mills

The roads are fair. bridges 2 and ferries 2.

Robert Armour, Messrs Boyd, Bates, Stringer, Floyd, Young, and Nicholls were original settlers of this area.

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